Always the Banksters #2: 250 Years of War and Theft Warn against Central Banks' Digital Currencies
Updated: Mar 13
MARCH 12, 2023
Today’s offering is from a chapter in my 2005 book, To Prevent the Next “ ‘9/11’ “ / Abandoning the ‘New World Order’ of Financiers’ Corporate State.
The chapter looks back to the late 18th century and into 21st-century disasters through supranational Banks' trading and thieving in " 'Derivatives' ". It gives plenty of cautionary examples as to why 99.5% of Nigeria's 217 million citizens are SO RIGHT in rejecting the Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs) that their Government tried to force on them over more than one year. (1)
Now, per the World Economic Forum's directives. 105 Nations have began programs to make CDBCs their preferred legal tender without their people's consent (2), while Banks that are the biggest recipients of Trillions in " 'COVID' "-era Loans from the United States' key Central Bank arm, the privately owned Federal Bank of New York, falter and fail in their absurdly arrogant and stupid graspings to extend their power. (3)
There among the recipients of trillions of Dollars special Loans from the U.S. Federal Reserve System are several of the largest takers of trillions in the Fed's 2008-2011 Bail-Out. J.P. Morgan Chase and Goldman Sachs and Citi and Barclays, ... All among the 100 'Strategic Partners' in the 21st-century's most prominent coordinator of racist exploitation and supranational theft, the World Economic Forum.
And J.P.Morgan Chase is five times an admitted Felon over a seven years' span. Yes,
JP Morgan Chase admitted to its fifth Felony in seven years,July 21, 2021, and its Boards awarded its Chairman and CEO Jaime Dimon an extra bonus of $50 billion! (4)
And Goldman Sachs faces 27 separate lawsuits in regard to share offerings that it underwrote. That is, 'Goldman Sachs is being sued for its work as one of the underwriters of 27 separate share offerings, many of which have declined dramatically in share price.' (5)
And Wells Fargo--one Bank among the nine 'financial institutions' partnering with the New York Fed in 'a proof-of-concept test' of CBDCs that's to be tried on U.S. customers in 2023--(6) now owes more than two billion Dollars to customers and $1.7 billion in a Consumers Fraud Protection Bureau fine as of January 2023. The online Forbes wrote: 'The consumer abuses spanned several product lines and affected more than 16 million Wells Fargo accounts, according to the CFPB. The agency says the bank wrongfully foreclosed on homes and repossessed cars; hit customers with erroneous overdraft fees; improperly closed accounts; and slapped some consumers with monthly charges that should have been waived.' (7)
The two largest share-holders of Wells Fargo are The Vanguard Group and BlackRock Fund Advisors.
BlackRock is another Strategic Partner in the WEF. Its CEO, Larry Fink, sits on the WEF's Board of Trustees. And Vanguard is the largest share-holder of BlackRock.
And the same family that figures most frequently, powerfully and greedily in the 250 years of financiers' empire that's viewed in To Prevent..., the Rothschild family, along with their close relatives and debtors, are twice identified among the private ownership of Vanguard. (9)
So the whole all makes sense. The same families and Banks that have profited for centuries from Wars and Debt and yet always overreached in their exploitation, and needing Bail-Outs, now want complete and finishing control of individuals and economies through Central Banks' Digital Currencies.
With CBDCs, businesses and families may spend only what Nations' privately owned Central Banks allow. With CBDCs, individuals' finances and freedoms may be controlled more easily than with implanted digital devices--RFID chips, Web Tattos, et cetera. Banks that are part of the Central Banks' supranational network no longer need worry about customers' choices. With CBDCs, Wells Fargo, J. P. Morgan Chase, Goldman Sachs, BlackRock and Vanguard can trade and rob, abuse and traffic, as they will. And the WEF can help its Partner Banks paint pretty pictures outside castles' walls.
URLS regarding supranational financiers and their CBDCs.
You may see now why I want to offer the chapter that's reprinted below from my 2005 book To Prevent the Next “ ‘9/11’ “ / Abandoning the ‘New World Order’ of Financiers’ Corporate State. I hope that you find this excerpt useful as history and compelling toward prevention and revolutions.
To Prevent ... can be read whole at the Ur1Light. com website. In 2005 Gary Via wrote:
'With Don Paul's new book, we finally have a level-headed and well-reference expositions of how the world really works and the money masters have in store for us.'
The 60 pages of To Prevent ... and the 144 pages of 2002's '9/11' " / Facing Our Fascist State are rolled into my 337-page, 2008 book, The World Is Turning: " '9/11' ", the Movement for Justice, and Reclaiming America for the World, under the BOOKS tab at Ur1Light.com. A single PDF, meant to be scrolled or hopped through, as you wish. (10)
Each of these three books, successively intent on expanding understanding of the
" '9/11' " Big Lie and Psy-Op, can be bought online ... through Amazon, even, if you choose. I would, however, like to interest you in buying To Prevent ... and The World Is Turning ... directly from me.
Let me give a sense of both the 2002 and the 2008 books through their front and back covers.
Readers and reviewers--Yuri Kochiyama, Bev Conover, Barrie Zwicker, and David Kimball as well as Gary Via--were kind F O F S and To Prevent ...
Victoria Ashley, Ellen Brown, Jim Hoffman, and Kevin Ryan added their voices for The World Is Turning ...
The price for signed copies of To Prevent ... is $10 each, with shipping free across North America. Add $10 for shipping of single copies outside N. America. The price for The World Is Turning is $20 with free shipping across N. America and an additional $10 for shipping outside. Discounts will happen on volume of three or more copies of either. That volume of purchase will also bring you a lagniappe copy of my 2022 album, LOVE OVER WAR. Dick Metcalf of Contemporary Fusion Reviews wrote about LOVE OVER WAR last September: 'Author, bandleader, and Grammy-nominated producer creates some of the most superbly creative funky fun you'll ever hear on this great album....
I give Don and all his players a MOST HIGHLY RECOMMENDED rating ... with an "EQ"
(energy quotient) score of 4.98.' Well, you know that felt good!
In closing, let me introduce, too, two commentators who enter To Prevent ... with the book's reprinting in The World Is Turning.
They're Pub-going friends. Their names are Auld Krow and Sid the Elephant. They're fictions, of course, and meant to be in part fun.
The wear-dappled sign that projects over paving-stones outside the pair's hangout for darts and stout welcomes them particularly. That sign, that pub, is, of course The Crow and Elephant.
Auld Krow and Sid grow more indignant as To Prevent ... chronicles 'bankers' creation and manipulation of the most murderous pretexts, deprivations and conflicts that have ravaged humanity from the mid-18th century to " '9/11' " and beyond.' (1)
If you're reading this piece on Substack's Stands the Human Being, please know that
a One-Year Subscription to Stands the Human Being will bring you both books and the album. With much thanks for your support and for Substack's growing community!
To the excerpt, with part of the back cover of To Prevent ... as a suggestive condensation
as to how supranaitonal financiers work and how much their CBDC's may be trusted.
BANKERS. WARS, SECRET SOCIETIES, THE 'NEW WORLD ORDER', AND ... WE MASSES
'I believe that banking institutions are more dangerous to our liberties than standing armies....The issuing power (of money) should be taken from the banks, and restored to the people to whom it belongs.'
'People who will not turn a shovel full of dirt on the project, nor contribute a pound of material, will collect more money from the United States than will the people who supply all the material and do all the work. This is the terrible thing about interest. If our nation can issue a dollar bond, it is capable of issuing a dollar bill.... The difference between the bond and the bill is that the bond lets the money broker collect twice the amount of the bond and an additional 20%.... It is absurd to say our country can issue bonds and cannot issue currency. Both are promises to pay but one fattens the usurer and the other helps the people.... It is a terrible situation when the Government, to insure the National wealth, must go in debt and submit to ruinous interest charges at the hands of men who control the fictitious value of gold. Interest is the invention of Satan.'
Thomas Edison, writing on a public-works project that would be funded by Government bonds issued by private Banks.
'The function of money is not to make money but to move goods.'
'Compound interest is the eighth wonder of the world.' Albert Einstein
'We are completely dependent on the commercial banks. Someone has to borrow every dollar we have in circulation, cash or credit. If the banks create ample synthetic money, we are prosperous; if not, we starve.... When one gets a complete grasp upon the picture, the tragic absurdity of our hopeless position is almost incredible--but there it is. It (the banking problem) is the most important subject intelligent persons can investigate and reflect upon. It is so important that our present civilization may collapse unless it is widely understood and the defects remedied very soon.' Robert Hemphill, former Credit Manager for one of the 12 regional Federal Reserve Banks of the United States' privately owned Federal Reserve System.
'Here please note that the money supply of every country in the world today is dependent on banks and financial institutions taking ownership, essentially, of an ever-growing proportion of the housing stock—as well as holding I.O.Us in different forms against an ever-increasing proportion of the revenue of industry and commerce and government tax revenues.' Boudwejerin Wegerif, 'U. S. Debt Pyramid Scam', March 2000
'Henceforth be masterless.' Walt Whitman
More than 200 Years of Conspiracies by Financiers, Nobility, and Politicians to Gain Profits and Power from Wars, Revolutions and Assassinations
The main education I've received since finishing " ' 9/11' " / Facing Our Fascist State in 2002 concerns banking and bankers' creation and manipulation of the most murderous pretexts, deprivations and conflicts that have ravaged humanity from the mid-18th century to " '9/11' " and beyond.
Among the prime objectives of these private bankers has been control of nations' money-supply and currencies. While waging vicious wars of economic conquest throughout the world, these financiers have kept themselves even more removed from physical danger than the politicians who have advanced their interests.
Let me here try to give an overview of this deeply layered history.
Financiers' conspiracies in the West over the past two and one-half centuries may be traced through the growing wealth and power of one family, the Rothschilds, and this family's accumulated and often inbred allies, criminals equal to them, whether nominal Jews, Protestants, Catholics, Moslems, or other.
Mayer Amschel Bauer was the founding father of the Rothschild family's supranational empire. Born in 1743, the money-lender Bauer became a close associate of the Elector of Hesse, William IX. Bauer/Rothschild profited by his lending of the Elector's fees for supplying Hessian troops to King George III of England during the American Revolutionary War. He changed the family's surname to Rothschild (meaning 'Red Shield', their subsequent insignia) to accord with the sign he'd put up for his business: an eagle on a red shield with a golden arrow extending from each of the bird of prey's five talons.
In the late 18th century Mayer Amschel sent one son each out to begin Banking business in five European capitals: London, Paris, Frankfort, Vienna and Venice.
Nathan in London and James in Paris especially flourished, Nathan most due to Napoleon's last war and James most due to the induced 1819 Panic across France.
The brothers' profits let them gain shared control of the Bank of England and Bank of France and the issuance of these nations' and Austria's currencies. In a partnership that would be often repeated over the next 180 years, they shared controlling interests in these Banks with families of so-called nobility--Tudors, Bourbons, Hapsburgs, et cetera, families who were themselves much inbred.
During the same late 18th century to middle 19th century span, Rothschilds reached into the riches of 'America'. Associates of theirs and of Illuminati theoretician Adam Weishaupt (Alexander Hamiliton one) figured in the institution of the United States' first two Banks that issued national currency under private ownership. Later agents of the Rothschild family's (Nathaniel Biddle, August Belmont or Schoenberg, George Peabody, and Junius S. Morgan) worked to frustrate Andrew Jackson's check to any further charter for such a privately owned 'National' Bank'. Denials of credit and funds to U. S. farmers and other businessmen by European bankers prompted the United States' ruinous Panics of 1837 and 1857.
Bankers' manipulations were one cause of the U. S. Civil War. Their lowering of the price of cotton pressured economies of both the South and North to desperation in the late 1850s. In 1859, too, Salomon de Rothschild, he the son of James' inheritor in Paris, Lionel, and he the great-grandson of Mayer Amschel, toured the U. S. and defended slavery, writing that he 'would be as much a "staunch slavery man" as the oldest plantation owner in the South.' (27)
Once the Civil War began, Rothschild agent Judah Benjamin (who'd met with Salomon in New Orleans just before the war) served as a chief advisor to Confederate President Jefferson Davis while August Belmont (formerly Schoenberg) was the same to Abraham Lincoln. (28)
Another Rothschild front-man in London and New York, George Peabody, he the slave-trading founder of an iron-dealing company that became headed by this and that J. P. Morgan over the next century, supplied both Northern and Southern Armies with guns.
Peabody's and Junius S. Morgan's Company also enriched itself by wartime speculations. 'No individuals contributed so much to flooding our money markets and weakening financial confidence in our nationality than George Peabody & Company, and none made more money in the operation', the Springfield Republic of Illinois wrote in 1866. (29)
In 1866, too, the New York Times observed: 'The Bank of England with its subsidiary banks in America (under the domination of J. P. Morgan), the Bank of France, and the Reichsbank of Germany, composed an interlocking and cooperative banking system, the main objective of which was the exploitation of the people.' (30)
Then was as now, you may see, in regard to international Banks' control for 'exploitation of the people.'
(Auld Crow: Do yah see, Sid? Facts. Facts 'und figures!
Sid the Elephant: Also in my life I've pulled barges. I've crossed Oceans. I've borne rails upon my back. This is hurting my feelings, Mr. Crow. I have soft feelings, Mr. Crow--I'm part-Black and part-Jewish and part-Mongol and I'm not one damned bit ashamed of any of it! I'm getting almost angry, Mr. Crow. Yes, I am!)
In 1863 the Northern States instituted another private Bank to issue U.S. currency, the National Bank. The letter that's quoted at the start of To Prevent ... , from Rothschild Brothers of London to their investment-banking associates Iklheimer, Morton and Vandergould on New York's Wall Street, is reprinted in full below.
The letter, quoted in J.R. Elson's Lightning over the Treasury Building, slyly uses 'A Mr. John Sherman of Ohio' (a Congressman and later author of the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890), as the mouthpiece for perceived advantages from this National Bank whose origins actually owed to the British Bankers Association.
Always use someone else to speak for your interests, as well as to fight wars for your benefit, might be said to be exploitative Banksters' maxim.
'Dear Sirs: A Mr. John Sherman has written us from a town in Ohio, U.S.A., as to the profits that may be made in the National Banking business under a recent act of your Congress (National Bank Act of 1863), a copy of which act accompanied his letter.
Apparently this act has been drawn upon the plan formulated here last summer by the British Bankers Association and by that Association recommended to our American friends as one that if enacted into law, would prove highly profitable to the banking fraternity throughout the world.
"Mr. Sherman declares that there has never before been such an opportunity for capitalists to accumulate money, as that presented by this act and that the old plan, of State Banks is so unpopular, that the new scheme will, by contrast, be most favorably regarded, notwithstanding the fact that it gives the National Banks an almost absolute control of the National finance. 'The few who can understand the system,' he says, 'will either be so interested in its profits, or so dependent on its favors, that there will be no opposition from that class, while on the other hand, the great body of people, mentally incapable of comprehending the tremendous advantages that capital derives from the system, will bear its burdens without complaint and perhaps without even suspecting that the system is inimical (adverse) to their interests.' Please advise us fully as to this matter and also state whether or not you will be of assistance to us, if we conclude to establish a National Bank in the City of New York...
Awaiting your reply, we are
Your respectful servants.
London, June 25, 1863' (31)
At this same time in 1863, English and French warships blockaded Northern harbors in support of the Confederacy.
When confronted with the National Bank Act and private bankers' demands for 28% interest on lending to the Northern States, President Abraham Lincoln remarked: 'I have two great enemies, the Southern Army in front of me and the financial institutions in the rear. Of the two, the one in my rear is my greatest foe.' (32)
Abraham Lincoln resisted bankers' control by his issuance of $450 million in U. S. Constitutional Notes, currency printed by the U. S. Government itself, free of interest-bearing charges, and known by the public as "greenbacks."
Lincoln's interest-free "greenbacks" moved the London Times to worry: 'If this mischievous financial policy, which has its origin in the North American Republic, shall become endurated down to a fixture, then that Government will furnish its own money without cost. It will pay off its debts and be without debt. It will have all the money necessary to carry on its commerce. It will become prosperous without precedent in the history of the world... That government must be destroyed or it will destroy every monarchy on the globe.' (33)
The U. S. Civil War killed 365,00 of the North, 258,000 of the South, the great majority of them soldiers, and very few of them engaged among ‘the fraternity’ of Bankers before this War.
The printing of "greenbacks" was destroyed soon after Lincoln's assassination. This President was killed by a secret-society conspiracy (the Knights of the Golden Circle, a Masonic offshoot), a conspiracy for which four participants other than John Wilkes Booth were convicted and hung. (34)
International banks had to wait 48 more years before they could realize another entity (the Federal Reserve System) that issued U. S. Dollars under private ownership.
During the intervening span (1863--1913) Rothschilds and their Warburg in-laws used new and plentifully funded agents and/or debtors (Jacob Schiff, John D. Rockefeller, William Harriman, the Dillon ((formely Lapowski)) family) and Corporations (the Kuhn, Loeb investment-bank of New York City; Standard Oil: U. S. Steel; the Northern Pacific and Southern Pacific Railroads) to control and fleece emergent U. S. industries and territories.
They also profited from thefts that went with Reconstruction.
They also promoted Jim Crow laws, the Ku Klux Klan and racist eugenics.
They also induced the Panics of 1873, 1893-94 and 1907 both to profit themselves and to compel re-institution of a central, 'money-lending bank for the United States that they and their allies and agents would own.
'Because of his links with the Peabody firm, Morgan [John P. Morgan, son of Junius] had intimate and highly useful connections with the London financial world, and during the 1870s he was thereby able to provide the rapidly growing industrial corporations of the United States with much-needed capital from British bankers', The New Encyclopedia Britannica relates in Jim Marrs' excellent Rule by Secrecy. And by the middle 1890s: 'Through a system of interlocking memberships on the boards of companies he had reorganized or influenced, Morgan and his banking house achieved a top-heavy control over some of the nation's leading corporations and financial institutions.' (35).
Again, then was as now.
A memo circulated among the American Bankers Association in 1891 is clear-cut as to traps and aims of one of the Banksters’ plots. "On Sept. 1st, 1894, we will not renew our loans under any consideration', this memo says. 'On Sept. 1st we will demand our money. We will foreclose and become mortgagees in possession. We can take two-thirds of the farms west of the Mississippi, and thousands of them east of the Mississippi as well, at our own price...Then the famers will become tenants as in England...' (36)
(Auld Crow: Pirates, Sid! Damned pirates behind desks!
Sid the Elephant: They rode me. They fed me. They put tassels on my tail--oh, Mr. Crow, I'm shaking now--yes, I am! I am Sid the Elephant and I know the work I have done and my family has done!)
The most famous J. P. Morgan was known as " 'the Corsair' ", one who concentrated wealth and power within his U. S. conquests, one who 'knew how to make governments as well as small capitalists and armies of rebellious laborers bend to his will' (Matthew Josepehson, The Robber Barons, 1934). He made competing firms merge into single Corporations (General Electric, U. S. Steel, International Harvester). And yet the gold this " 'Corsair' " lent to the U. S. Government in1893 came from Rothschilds of Europe (37) and at his death in 1913 only 19% of his estate of $68 million was found to be owned by this J. P. Morgan’s family. (38)
In December of 1913 Senator Nelson Aldrich of Rhode Island, son-in-law of John D. Rockefeller—John D. Rockefeller another Rothschild debtor via the National City Bank of Cleveland (39)—sponsored the Bill that created the Federal Reserve System.
Henceforth the Federal Reserve Bank of New York--which was and is owned principally by Banks controlled by the Rothschild-fundedRockefeller and Morgan families and their partners--determined the money-supply and set the interest-rates for the United States. (40)
Congressman Charles A. Lindbergh, father of the trans-Atlantic aviator, declared: ‘The Federal Reserve Act establishes the most giantic trust on earth ... The worst legisilative crime of the ages is perpetrated by this banking and currency bill.' (41)
How is the Federal Reserve System unjust and dangerous for U. S. society? Why is it an insane burden for We Masses to bear?
Through its lead Bank, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, the"Fed" may print more than $20 million in U. S. currency at cost to itself of little more than $20.
Further, through a marvelous invention that's termed 'fractional reserve banking', the Fed's network of private Banks may then value this nice profit of $20-million-from-$20 at seven and one-half times $20 million, or $150 million, in capital for loans.
Those who borrow from this sheer fabrication of capital--borrowers such as home-buyers, shop-keepers, and the U. S., British, French, German, et cetera Governments--are then charged usurious interest-rates by private Banks.
In 1997 the 19,752,655 total shares of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York were owned 32.35% by the Rockefeller-controlled Chase Bank and 20.51% by the Morgan-controlled Citibank, according to Eric Samuelson's article 'Central Banking and the Private Control of Money' (42)
How much has the United States' debt grown since "the Fed" began to be the nations' lender?
Sheldon Emry's very useful 'Billions for Bankers--Debts for thePeople' offers a summary. In 1910 the U. S. Federal debt was $1 billion, or $12.40 per citizen. In 1920, following involvement in a World War that financiers orchestrated, the nation's debt was $24 billion, or $228 per person, 'By 1960', Emry writes, 'the U. S. Federal debt was $284 billion, or $1,575 per citizen, and state and local debts were mushrooming.' (43)
Now, early in our year 2005, the U. S. Federal debt is $7.5 trillion, individual consumers' debt is about $10 trillion, and the total debt mounted on this nation is the barely imaginable sum of $37 trillion, four times the U. S.'s annual gross domestic product. (44)
Jim Hoffman's and my book Waking Up from Our Nightmare / The 9/11/01 Crimes in New York City, supposes that such debt is setting up the U. S. public for 'Big Falls'--for a 'Crash' and 'Depression' that will exceed 1929's. The resulting ruin would let bankers again buy property for pennies on the (greatly devalued) U. S. dollar and consolidate material wealth as never before.'
Here ends the March 3, 2023 excerpt from To Prevent ....
ENDNOTES and URLS for To Prevent the Next " '9/11/01' / Abandoning the 'New World Order' of Financiers' Corporate State as reprinted in The World Is Turning: " '9/11' ", the Movement for Justice, and Reclaiming American for the World,
1. 'What is Fascism?' at www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/mussolini-
fascism.html from entry in 1932 Italian Encyclopedia by Benito Mussolini and Gemmi Gentile.
2. 'Central Banking and the Private Control of Money', Eric Samuelson, Nexus, December 1998--January 1999, pg. 12
3. The Secrets of the Federal Reserve, Eustace Mullins, BankersResearch Institute, 1984, pg 3
4. The Control of Oil , John M. Blair, Pantheon Books, 1976, pp. 144-46, 149; Power, Inc., Morton Mintz and Jerry Cohen, The Viking Press, 1976, pp. 297-303
5. Waking Up from Our Nightmare, Don Paul and Jim Hoffman, Irresistible/Revolutionary, 2004, pg. 62, endnote 11, quoting the New York Times of 10/28/93 and the Washington Post of 10/29/03 as well as 'Troubling Questions in Troubling Times' by James S. Adam at http://www.serendipity.li/wot/adam.htm .
6. The 9/11 Commission Report, the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, W. W. Norton & Company, 2004, pg. 72
7. Alan Waldman, 'How the Grinch Stole the White House ... Again', Online Journal 11/20/04, archived with additional footnotes by Dave Ratcliffe at http://www/ratical.org/ratville/2004Waldman.html .
8. http://www.betterworldlinks.org/book109h.htm .
9. htto://www.buzzflash,com/alerts.04/11/The_unexplained_exitpoll-discrepancy_v00k.pdf .
11. 'Voting Machine Controversy' Jule Carr Smyth, Cleveland Plain Dealer, August 28, 2003, reprinted at http://www.onlisareinsradar.com/archives/001684.php12 .
12. http://www.betterworldlinks.org/book109h.htm .
16. Atlanta Journal-Constitution
17. George magazine November 1996, cited in Everything Is under Control, Robert Anton Wilson with Miriam Joan Hill, HarperCollins, 1998, pg. 1
18. http://www.prouty.org; Understanding Special Operation … interview with L. Fletcher Prouty by David T. Ratcliffe, rat haus reality press; The JFK Assassination', David Giacometi at http://www.abovetopsecret.com/forum/thread2065/pg1
20. .. and the truth shall set you free, David Icke, Bridge of Love,1998, pp. 81-83, quoting from the Congressional Record of the 76th U. S. Congress and from Carroll Quigley, The Anglo-American Establishment, pg. 169.
21. www.leftgatekeepers.com; Conspirators' Hierarchy: The Story of the Committee of 300, Dr. John Coleman, America West, 1992, pp.235-36.
23. http://teacher.scholastic.com/researchtools/researchstarters/women; http://www.bessel.org/foundmas.htm
24. http://www.constitution.org/cs_found.htm; 'The Evolution of Suffrage Institutions in the New World', Stanley L. Engerman and Kenneth L. Sokoloff, 2005
26. http://www.prudentbear.com/archive_comm_article.asp? category=Guest+Commentary&content_idx=40498
27. http://www.jewish-history.com/Salomon/salo01.html, excerpt from 'A Casual View of America: The Home Letters of Salomon de Rothschild, 1859-1861'
28. Judah P. Benjamin: The Jewish Confederate, Eli N. Evans, The Free Press, 1988, pg. 237
29. 'The House of Rothschild', Chapter 5, pg. 53, in The Secrets of the Federal Reserve, Eustace Mullins, published online at http://www.federal-reserve.net/secrets.htm .
30. 'Reconstruction Carpetbaggers Money Fund', New York Times, 10/31/1866, quoted in Lightning over the Treasury Building, John Elson, Meador Publishing Company, 1941, pg. 53
32. On "greenbacks" and Lincoln quote, see The American Heritage Picture History of the Civil War, Bruce Catton narrative,1960, pg.395; The Creature from Jeykll Island, G. Edward Griffin, American Media, 1994, pg. 384; and http://www.perfecteconomy.com/principal---historic-parable-of-perfect-economy.html
33. 'Abraham Lincoln and the "Greenback" ' in Chapter 2.1 ('National Bank of the United States') of the Modern History Project up at http:// www.modernhistoryproject.org/mhp/ArticleDisplay.php? Article=FinalWarn02-1#Greenback
34. Rule by Secrecy, Jim Marrs, HarperCollins, 2000, pg. 213
35. The New Encyclopedia Brittannica, Volume 8, pg. 320.
36. Memo printed in the U. S. Congrressional Record of 4/29/1913, quoted in The Money Masters, 1995 and 1998, Bill Still and Patrick S. J. Carmack (an overview of how 'International Bankers Gained Control of America'), video script posted by Peter Myers at http://users.cyberone.com.au/myers/money-masters.html .
37. Rule by Secrecy, Jim Marrs, HarperCollins, 2000, pg. 57
38. The Money Masters, video-script, pg. 46
39. Rule by Secrecy, pg. 45
40. The Secrets of the Federal Reserve, Eustace Mullins, BankersResearch Institute, 1984, pg 3
41. Waking Up from Our Nightmare, pg. 40, quoting from http://www.documentationexpress.com/article7-bout-money.html .
42. Nexus, December 1998--January 1999, pg. 12
43. At this and many sites on the Web; http://centre.telemanage.ca/links.nsf/articles/668DD4CD677629EF85256FA500663E9A49.
44. U. S. Federal and total debt in 'The U. S. Economy/ The Other Side of Prosperity', Marshall Auerback, San Francisco Chronicle, 2/20/2005 at http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2005/02/20/INGG9BBCVK1.DTL&type=printable; U. S. consumers' debt as of January 2004, according to Federal Reserve Board, at http://www.wsws.org/articles/2004/jan2004/debt-j15.shtml
45. The Empire of the City, E. C. Knuth, 1944, available atwww.themoneymasters.com, pg. 71
46. Lloyd George to the New York Journal American, 6/24/1924, quoted in ... and the truth shall set you free, pg. 96
47. When Corporations Ruled the World, David R. Korten, Kumarian Press, 1995, excerpt at http://thirdworldtraveler.com/Korten/BuildEliteConsens_WCRW.html .
48. Army Review Board report 10/20/1944, quoted in Pearl Harbor: Mother of All Conspiracies, Mark Emerson Willey, X Libris, 2001, report transcribed by Larry Jewell and up at http://www.geocities.com/Pentagon/6315/pearl.html . See also Infamy by John Toland and Day of Deceit: The Truth about FDR and Pearl Harbor by Robert B. Stinnett.
49. http://www.usembassy.de/usa/etexts/speeches/rhetoric/gbaggres.htm .
50. http://tinyurl.com/5hja5 .
51. http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/new_world_order_hgwells.htm .
52. http://illuminati-news.com/worldleaders-quote-nwo.htm Skull and Bones 19th- to 20th-century
53. http://www.aboutsudan.com/dossiers/british_monarchy/prince_philip_reich.htm .
54. http://www.bilderberg.org/bernhard.htm#Hand. This site links to several worthwhile books, among them Antony G. Sutton's Wall Street and the Rise of Hitler; Raymond Bonner's At the Hand of Man: Peril and Hope for Africa's Wildlife; Charles Higham's Trading with the Enemy: An Expose of the Nazi-American Money Plot 1933-49; and Christopher Simpson's Blowback.
55. George Bush/ The Unauthorized Biography, pp. 45-62
56. Ibid., pp. 115-37.
57. Ibid 119-27 and 460-68; Defrauding America, Rodney Stich, former Federal Aviation Administration investigator), Diablo Western, 1998, pp. 295. 312-14. See also Dark Alliance by Gary Webb and Whiteout by Alexander Cockburn and Jeffrey St. Clair (review by Scott Loughrey at http://18.104.22.168/search? q=cache:ZpfUGAJNx14Jwww.mediacriticism.com/)CIA_Whiteout_1999.html+whiteout+cockburn&hl=en .
59. The Rockefeller File , Gary Allen, '76 Press, 1976, pg. 152
60. State of the World 1991: A Worldwatch Institute Report on Progress toward a Sustainable World, Lester R. Brown, W. W. Norton, 1991, pg. 3
61. 'How the IMF Props Up the Bankrupt Dollar System'. William Engdahl, http://www.serendipity.li/hr/ imf_and_dollarf_system.htm .opium revenue
62. http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/HL0301/S00061.htm .
63. http://www.ratical.org/ratville/CAH/Section802.html .
64. 'Cheney's Grim Vision: Decades of War ...', http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2004/01/15/MNGK14AC301.DTL65.
65. http://www.notinourname.net/media/brill-15jan04.htm . See also Brill with PBS interviewer Charlie Rose on his new company's Verfied Identity Card and Larry Silverstein's insurance claims at http://www.charlierose.com/archives/archive3.shtm .
66. http://22.214.171.124/search?q=cache:kexodoQVZo8J:www.911truthla.orgresources.html+fight+back+bugle+part+3&hl=en .
67. http://www.healingcelebrations.com/smallpoxandanthrax.htm .
68. www4.cooperativeresearch.org.timeline.jsptimeline=complete_911_timeli4ne&theme=anthrax, referring often to Toronto Globe and Mail article 'Strange Cluster of Microbiolgists' Deaths under the4 Microscope' by Alanna Mitchell, Simon Cooper and Caroyln Abraham, 5/4/2003. Later timeline by Steve Quayle at http://freepress20045.blogspot.com/2005/01/author-theorizes-40-microbiologists.html .
69. http://research.lifeboat.com/cnn.htm and http://slate.msn.com/id/2067112/ .See also http://www.cfr.org/pub7410/robert_l_gallucci_graham_t_allison/nuclear_terrorism_the_ultimate_4preventable_catastrophe.php ,
71. http://www.insurancejournal.com/magazines/southcentral/ 2003/12/15/coverstory/35033.html; 'Insurance Industry Stands to Profit from Changes Wrought by Sept. 11', Christopher Oster, Wall Street Journal, 11/15.2001, among4 articles assembled by Al Martin at 47 http://www.the-catbird-seat.net/AlliedWorld4Assurance.htm .
72. Christopher Story's Winter 2004-05 International Currency Review, pg. 82, quoted at Henry Makow, http://www.savethemales.ca/000834.html .
73. "The Money Masters" video script, pg. 19, at http:// users.cyberone.com.au/myers/money-masters.html .47
74. Foreign Affairs (published by the Council on Foreign Relations) July-August 1995, quoted at http://www.pushhamburger.com/47nov_pearl.htm .
75. http://www.ironwoodpublications.com/pages/856709/, interview with Allen W. Smith, author of The Looting of Social Security:47How the Government Is Draining America's Retirement Account, Carroll & Graf, 2003.
76. 'Over 50 Towns in North America Now Have Their Own Currencies', Alain Pilote, at http://www.cyberclass.net/towns.htm .47
77. Who Owns the Sun, Daniel Berman and John T, O'Conner, Chelsea Green Press, 1995, pp. 231-33.4
78. ‘Wind Force 12 Study’, EWEA, p. 74, http://www.ewea.org/03publications/WindForce12.htm, See w4ww.ewea.org and www.awea.org on the growth of power-generation by wind. See http://store.sundancesolar.com/rearerepecrr.html on renewablesaltogether.
79. Link for New Farm magazine gone.
80. See http://www.house.gov/conyers/news_reparations.htm http://www.swagga.com/obadele.htmhttp://www.commondreams.org/headlines01/0830-05.htm